United Kingdom Sacred Harp & Shapenote Singing
Front row altosFront row treblesHugh McGraw with the tenor line at DerbySophie MacDougall at Letchworth 2004Front row tenorsFront row basses and altos
Home Calendar Conventions 2016 Convention All-day singings Resources Contacts Europe Aus/NZ

Welcome to Sacred Harp and Shapenote
Singing in the United Kingdom

Sacred Harp Singing

Sacred Harp Singing in the United Kingdom has increased considerably in the past few years, to the extent that there are now numerous monthly Local House Groups, and All-day Singings on at least three out of four weekends every month.

But first, what is Sacred Harp music
A rather longer and more technical explanation can be found here, but essentially it is Shapenote music, an American choral tradition of singing unaccompanied four-part harmony, sometimes referred to as 'sacred folksong' or 'White Gospel' music.

Because Sacred Harp “singings” are open to anyone to attend, they are not performances, and there are no preliminary rehearsals or practices unless the singing has been advertised as a workshop, or contains a 'singing school' where instruction is given. Singers sit in a hollow square formation with one voice part on each side, all facing inwards so they can see and hear each other. There is therefore no formal audience, and each event tends to have a different group of participants. Having said that, many people know each other well, as they tend to meet up and down the country to sing with each other time and again, thus creating firm bonds of friendship between people with similar enthusiasm and tastes in music.

Beginners and newcomers to any form of community or communal singing are always welcome. Because there has been such increased coverage in the UK press, and in such films as 'Cold Mountain' and 'Lawless', many come to simply to listen to the music. Visitors, whether participants or simply listeners, are always welcome to sit anywhere in the room, but eventually may well be drawn to sing with any one of the four parts - treble, alto, tenor (which is the tune or air) or bass.

Although the words set to the songs are mainly from religious backgrounds, there is no requirement for participants to belong to any church or denomination whatever. Many, however, will find that the music itself is both deeply moving and spiritual.

Nor is musical experience required — the music is written in the same way as it was over 200 years ago in America, where itinerant singing masters taught complete beginners to sing using techniques first conceived in England.

Why is it called “Sacred Harp”?
Because the musical notation uses note heads in 4 distinct shapes to aid in sight-reading, this style of singing is technically called 'shapenote' singing. However, it is often called “Sacred Harp” singing because the book that most singers use today is called The Sacred Harp. This name also refers to the human voice; no other instruments are used in this à cappella singing.

The Sacred Harp was just one of more than 100 oblong hymn books published in America. Since 1844 it has been continuously updated, with the present version being the 'Denson' revision of 1991. This book contains over 500 tunes, being hymns, psalms, odes and anthems.

Whilst many of these hark back to the 18th and 19th centuries, there are many living composers still actively writing new tunes within the traditional styles and shape note format. Other shape note books still in use today include Christian Harmony (using a 7-shape notation), New Harp of Columbia, plus several others, including some entirely new collections such as Northern Harmony, Norumbega Harmony, Missouri Harmony, and most recently The Shenandoah Harmony.

What does this music sound like?
The best way to learn about Sacred Harp singing is to sing it yourself by attending annual or local singings. See details of monthly Local House Groups, and All-day Singings by following the links.

There are now many examples of Sacred Harp and Shapenote singing on YouTube, try this link for starters, it leads to pages of such examples, of varying quality!. 

Where can I learn more?

Try the following links to other web pages:

Documentary Film — Awake, My Soul

Matt and Erica Hinton, singers and documentary  filmmakers, completed seven years of production on the first feature length documentary about the Sacred Harp tradition. Visit the film’s web site at http://awakemysoul.com for trailers, ordering information, previews, photo gallery, and excellent portraits of many long-time singers.

I Belong to This Band: 85 Years of Sacred Harp Recordings
A Companion CD to Awake, My Soul

Read more . . .

Calendar Update and
 latest information
Follow Us on FacebookFollow UK Sacred Harp
and Shapenote Singing

Latest news
15 October 2016 Shapers New England and New Writings Day will not take place this year.
Norwich All-Day singing on Saturday 9 July extended to Friday evening and Sunday afternoon. Full details here.
Flitwick, Beds., Cooper Book singing day on Saturday 11 February 2017  announced. More details to follow.
Monday 19 - Friday 23 September 2016 Camp Fasola in Poland. More details here.

June and July Singings
Saturday 25 June 2016
18th Oxford Sacred Harp Singing Day
Seacourt Hall, Botley, Oxford OX2 9LS
10.00 am - 4.30 pm  Bring and share lunch. Lifts available from Oxford Rail and Bus stations
Download map here
Contact: Sheila and Edwin Macadam  Tel: 01865 865773   Email
Saturday 2 July 2016
Lewes Sacred Harp Singing Day
South Malling Parish Church, Church Lane, Lewes, E. Sussex  BN7 2JA
10.00 am - 4.30 pm Pot luck lunch
Contact: Rachel Jordan  Tel:  01273 476837  Email
Friday 8 July
Norwich Evening Singing School
Princes Street United Reformed Church
Norwich NR13 1AZ
7.00 pm - 9.00 pm

Saturday 9 July 2016

5th Norwich All Day Singing

Princes Street United Reformed Church
Norwich NR13 1AZ
10.30 am - 4.00 pm. (registration from 10.00 am)
Dinner on the grounds - please being a dish to share

Sunday 10 July
Norwich Christian Harmony Singing

Trowse Manor Rooms
Norwich NR14 8ST
1.00 pm - 5.00 pm
Contact: Cath Saunt Email Website
Saturday 16 and Sunday 17 July 2016
Saturday - Gwehelog Sacred Harp Singing
Gwehelog Methodist Chapel, near Usk, Mon., Wales NP15 1RD
10.00 am - 3.30 pm Pot luck lunch
Sunday  - Gwehelog Christian Harmony Singing
10.30 am - 3.30 pm Pot luck lunch
Some loaners of both books available, but please bring your own copies if you have one)
Contact: Leila Gamaz  Email
2nd Singing in the Southern US Shape Note Tradition
Friday 22 July 6.30 pm - Sunday 24 July 2016 4.00 pm
The Othona Community, East Hall Farm, East End Road,

Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex CM0 7PN
Singing from The Sacred Harp (both Denson and Cooper editions), The Christian Harmony, Southern gospel tune books, etc.
£78 (£58 concessions and further financial help may be available
Book on-line here   Information leaflet here
Werner Ullah  Email
Warwick Folk Festival 2016
Shapenote workshop Sunday 24 July
Unitarian Chapel, High Street, Warwick
12.30 pm - 2.00 pm
Led by
Sheila and Edwin Macadam of Oxford Psalmody and Immanuel's Ground
Contact: Sheila and Edwin Macadam  Tel: 01865 865773   Email

Other dates and information
East Midlands Sacred Harp Convention 2017
The East Midlands Sacred Harp Convention, a two book singing from the Denson and Cooper Books, will be held at Kegworth on Saturday 29 and Sunday 30 April 2017.

Other pages:


This Web Site has been set up for the United Kingdom Sacred Harp and Shapenote Community to provide a resource centre for singing in the United Kingdom. 

Any correspondence, helpful suggestions and contributions as to content, amendments, additions and new web links should be sent to Edwin and Sheila Macadam at .  All material copyright © 2000-2016.


Locations of visitors to this page